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    • Installing and Configuring NAT

      Installing and Configuring NAT

      In Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS), NAT can be used to provide basic Internet connectivity for small offices or home offices. NAT translates IP addresses and associated TCP/UDP port numbers on the private network to public IP addresses which can be routed on the Internet. Through NAT, host computers are able to share a

    • NetBIOS Names

      NetBIOS Names

      A NetBIOS name is an identifier that NetBIOS services running on a computer use. It is a combination of a 15 character (byte) name and a 16th character denoting the service. These names identify resources on the NetBIOS network. NetBIOS cannot do name resolution on the Internet because NetBIOS names are single part names and

    • Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Microsoft Model Overview Before Windows NT 3.1 was released, users had to obtain the TCP/IP protocol suite from a third party, and then install it. This was necessary for users to connect to the network, which in turn usually resulted in a number of issues. When it came to network communication, the TCP/IP software which

    • How to Remove IPv6 in Windows

      How to Remove IPv6 in Windows

      IPv6 stands for Internet Protocol version 6. IPv6 is the latest version of the network-layer protocol for packet-switched networks. The version that is generally used is IPv4. One of the reasons for the upgrade to IPv6 is that it allows greater space and flexibility in assigning IP addresses. For instance, IPv4 is based on a

    • Network Load Balancing

      Network Load Balancing

      Network Load Balancing Overview Network Load Balancing (NLB), included in Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 can be used if you need to provide increased levels of availability for TCP/IP applications. All versions of Windows Server 2003 include NLB. While NLB is automatically installed, it is not enabled. In a NLB cluster, client requests are

    • The Certificate Enrollment Process

      The Certificate Enrollment Process

      While encryption can be a robust security technology, users have to implement a public key infrastructure (PKI) to make it beneficial and trusted within an organization. The Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 PKI implementation resides in Certificate Services. A public key infrastructure is the collection of technology, protocols, services, standards, and policies that control

    • The Windows Routing Table

      The Windows Routing Table

      When routers need to forward packets, they interpret the packets’ addresses then use the information in the routing tables to pass the packet on. Data packets contain both source and destination addresses in their packet headers. This is the information that is used when routing decisions need to be made. The destination address is compared

    • Installing and Configuring TCP/IP

      Installing and Configuring TCP/IP

      Installing TCP/IP TCP/IP is installed automatically when the Windows Server 2003 setup process runs. It is not usually necessary to install TCP/IP after the Windows Server 2003 setup process completed. The instances when you might need to manually install TCP/IP are listed below: TCP/IP was disabled when the Windows Server 2003 setup process executed. TCP/IP

    • Understanding NetBIOS Name Resolution

      Understanding NetBIOS Name Resolution

      NetBIOS, broadcasts names to listening nodes on the network. NetBIOS utilizes a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) query to broadcast names. NetBIOS names identified computers on the network before the introduction of Windows 2000. The NetBIOS name is resolved to an IP address through Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), broadcasting, or the LMHOSTS file. If the

    • Understanding Internet Connections

      Understanding Internet Connections

      Internet Connectivity Introduction  In most organizations and networks today, Internet connectivity is no longer an additional option, but a necessity. Most organizations that have a networking environment need to provide its employees or users with some form of connectivity to the Internet. E-mail and Web sites have evolved into being important mechanisms for a vast

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