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    • Installing and Configuring NAT

      Installing and Configuring NAT

      In Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS), NAT can be used to provide basic Internet connectivity for small offices or home offices. NAT translates IP addresses and associated TCP/UDP port numbers on the private network to public IP addresses which can be routed on the Internet. Through NAT, host computers are able to share a

    • Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Understanding the Microsoft Model

      Microsoft Model Overview Before Windows NT 3.1 was released, users had to obtain the TCP/IP protocol suite from a third party, and then install it. This was necessary for users to connect to the network, which in turn usually resulted in a number of issues. When it came to network communication, the TCP/IP software which

    • The VPN Gateway

      The VPN Gateway

      Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) enable users to connect to a remote private network through the Internet. Virtual private networks therefore span the Internet because the user connects over the Internet to the remote VPN server. With a VPN, data is first encrypted and encapsulated before it is sent to the remote VPN server. When the

    • How to Open TCP Ports in Windows

      How to Open TCP Ports in Windows

      Opening TCP ports in Windows may be necessary for certain applications to run correctly. Each application may require a specific port to operate on. While a computer can and does open ports on its own, it may have to be done manually in certain situations. Here is a simple procedure. Step 1. Launch Windows and

    • NetBIOS Names

      NetBIOS Names

      A NetBIOS name is an identifier that NetBIOS services running on a computer use. It is a combination of a 15 character (byte) name and a 16th character denoting the service. These names identify resources on the NetBIOS network. NetBIOS cannot do name resolution on the Internet because NetBIOS names are single part names and

    • NetBIOS Node Types

      NetBIOS Node Types

      A NetBIOS node type is a method that a computer uses to resolve a NetBIOS name into an IP address. A NetBIOS node type allows an administrator to configure the order and method that a client uses when resolving NetBIOS names to IP addresses. Understanding how the various node types function will help users to

    • Understanding Internet Connections

      Understanding Internet Connections

      Internet Connectivity Introduction  In most organizations and networks today, Internet connectivity is no longer an additional option, but a necessity. Most organizations that have a networking environment need to provide its employees or users with some form of connectivity to the Internet. E-mail and Web sites have evolved into being important mechanisms for a vast

    • Understanding NetBIOS Name Resolution

      Understanding NetBIOS Name Resolution

      NetBIOS, broadcasts names to listening nodes on the network. NetBIOS utilizes a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) query to broadcast names. NetBIOS names identified computers on the network before the introduction of Windows 2000. The NetBIOS name is resolved to an IP address through Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), broadcasting, or the LMHOSTS file. If the

    • Understanding IPv6

      Understanding IPv6

      Understanding the Limitations of IPv4 Before moving on the to an in-depth discussion of IPv6, lets first look at the limitations of IPv4: The IPv4 addresses are somewhat scarce, even though it allows for 4,294,967,296 possible addresses. Because of this limitation, organizations are forced to utilize Network Address Translator (NAT) to map a public IP

    • Understanding Ethernet LAN Segmentation

      Understanding Ethernet LAN Segmentation

      LAN Segmentation Overview Network segmentation is the terminology used to describe the process of dividing single Ethernet segments into multiple segments. Network segmentation has the following main advantages: Network performance of the LAN is improved. Network congestion issues can be resolved. Available bandwidth is maximized. A few technologies which you can use to perform network

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