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    • How to Declare a Constant in Java

      How to Declare a Constant in Java

      Java does not directly support constants. However, a static final variable is effectively a constant. The static modifier causes the variable to be available without loading an instance of the class where it is defined. The final modifier causes the variable to be unchangeable. Ex: public static final int FOUNDING_YEAR = 2001; Naming Standards for

    • Java Loops – For, While, and Do

      Java Loops – For, While, and Do

      Java supports three types of loops: For, While, and Do. The Java For Loop The Java for loop is a looping construct which continually executes a block of statements over range of values. Java for Loop Syntax The syntax of a for loop in Java is: for (initialization; termination; increment) { statement } Example Java

    • JNI (Java Native Interface)

      JNI (Java Native Interface)

      The JNI (Java Native Interface) is a layer of Java that permits code executing or running in the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) to invoke and to be called by native libraries and applications written in other languages. The JNI is most commonly used with the C++, C, and Assembly programming languages. Typically, code developers will

    • Address Calculation Sort

      In this method, a function fn() is applied to each key. The result of this function determines into which of the several sub-files the record is to be placed. The function should have the property that x <= y, fn (x) <= fn (y). Such a function is called order preserving. Thus all of the

    • How to Check the Java Version

      How to Check the Java Version

      It is quite important to know which version of Java is installed on your computer, especially if you are developing applications and software on the Java platform. Using an outdated version of Java may hinder your Java development or even render web pages inappropriately in your browser. Below are few straightforward ways to check which

    • How to Sign a Java Applet

      How to Sign a Java Applet

      Java applets are designed to run in a restricted environment known as Sandbox. This confinement helps avoid malicious activities and breach of security from intentionally harmful applets. Therefore, an applet cannot access or communicate with any outside-the-sandbox resource unless granted permission by the user. The trustworthiness of an applet is showcased by signing it with

    • Constructors in Derived Classes

      A constructor plays a vital role in initializing an object. An important note, while using constructors during inheritance, is that, as long as a base class constructor does not take any arguments, the derived class need not have a constructor function. However, if a base class contains a constructor with one or more arguments, then

    • Searching


      Searching is the process of finding the location of a given element in a set of elements. The search is said to be successful if the given element is found i.e., the element does exist in the collection (such as an array); otherwise it is unsuccessful. Two simple approaches to searching are: Linear search: This

    • Jar File

      Jar File

      JAR is an abbreviation for Java Archive. It is basically a file in archive format used to group and integrate Java classes, resources, metadata together which can then be easily distributed across Java platform. However the underlying file format is ZIP with a .jar extension. Every JAR file contains a manifest file which is normally

    • JDK (Java Development Kit)

      JDK (Java Development Kit)

      The JDK (Java Development Kit) most commonly refers to an implementation of the Java SE or Java 2 SE. It can also refer to Java EE or Java ME implementations released by Oracle in the form of binary products targeted to Java developers that work on the Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, or Solaris platforms.

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