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    • Constructors that Allocate Memory Dynamically

      Constructors that Allocate Memory Dynamically

      Constructors can be used to initialize member objects as well as allocate memory. This can allow an object to use only that amount of memory that is required immediately. This memory allocation at run-time is also known as dynamic memory allocation. The new operator is used for this purpose. Sample Program The program below shows

    • Hex Editor

      Hex Editor

      A hex editor is a program edits compiled programs and binary data files. These editors are called hex editors because they most often present data in hexadecimal format. Hexadecimal is used because it is easier for most humans than working in binary. In addition, hexadecimal is frequently useful because computers tend to work with 8-bit

    • Inserting in a Doubly Linked List

      Inserting in a Doubly Linked List

      Inserting an Element To insert an element in the list, the first task is to allocate memory for a new node, assign the element to be inserted to the info field of the node, and then the new node is placed at the appropriate position by adjusting appropriate pointers. Insertion in the list can take

    • What is PLC Programming?

      What is PLC Programming?

      PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) programming allows a computer to automate mechanical or electrical processes for machinery, lighting, or assembly line control actions. Over the past two decades, PLC programming has been used in a number of industries. The PLC’s design allows it to take multiple inputs and provide various outputs. A PLC device is also

    • Binary Tree – Searching a Node

      Binary Tree – Searching a Node

      An element in a binary search tree can be searched very quickly. A search operation on binary tree is similar to applying binary search technique to a sorted linear array. The element to be searched will be first compared with root node. If it matches with the root node then the search terminates. Otherwise search

    • How to Find Security Vulnerabilities in Source Code

      How to Find Security Vulnerabilities in Source Code

      The original, and still the best, method for finding security vulnerabilities in source code is to read and understand the source code. Source code security vulnerabilities will vary between languages and platforms. Items to look for in C code include: Potential vulnerability Function calls to examine for vulnerabilities Buffer overflows gets(), scanf(), sprintf(), strcat(), strcpy()

    • Exception Handling

      Exception Handling

      There are two kinds of exceptions, namely, synchronous exceptions and asynchronous exceptions. Errors such as “out-of-range index” and “over-flow” belong to the synchronous type exceptions. The errors that are caused by events beyond the control of the program (such as keyboard interrupts) are called asynchronous exceptions. The proposed exception handling mechanism in C++ is designed

    • Random Number Vulnerability

      Random Number Vulnerability

      Computers are deterministic and are therefore predictable. Computers cannot, in and of themselves, generate truly random numbers. In the absence of outside input, computers can only create pseudo-random numbers.  In the words of John Von Neumann, “Anyone attempting to produce random numbers by purely arithmetic means is, of course, in a state of sin.” A

    • Java

      Java

      Java was originally developed as an implementation of a programming language that would compile and complete its directive functions regardless of platform and language version. It was developed by James Gosling, a software developer employed by Sun Microsystems in June of 1991, whom released the first version of Java in 1995. The language is designed

    • JDK (Java Development Kit)

      JDK (Java Development Kit)

      The JDK (Java Development Kit) most commonly refers to an implementation of the Java SE or Java 2 SE. It can also refer to Java EE or Java ME implementations released by Oracle in the form of binary products targeted to Java developers that work on the Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, or Solaris platforms.

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