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    • Distance Vector Routing Protocol

      Distance Vector Routing Protocol

      Routing Protocols Whenever different networks connect with each other to communicate and to share the data and resources, it is called internetworking. For internetworking, routers must be used on each network or at backbone to route the packets. To route a packet, a router needs to know: Destination Addresses Sources it can learn from Possible

    • Hot Standby Router Protocol

      Hot Standby Router Protocol

      The Hot Standby Router Prtocol (HSRP) is a networking protocol that supports the non-disruptive failover of Internet Protocol (IP) traffic in special circumstances. HSRP also allows network hosts to look like they are using a single router and keep connected if the first hop router being used fails to respond. The protocol guards against the

    • How to Configure a Router

      How to Configure a Router

      One of the main disadvantages of connecting to the Internet via wire is that it prevents you from moving around. On the other hand, by setting up and configuring a router, you can move around with your lap top and surf the web more comfortably. Configuring a router is not difficult; however, people may have

    • Attenuation

      Attenuation

      Attenuation is a reduction in signal strength over distance. Attenuation is a common problem of telecommunication cables that causes a decrease in data speeds on longer cables. Attenuation is also known as “loss” and can be countered by data repeaters and amplifiers. While attenuation is a problem for long cables, short cables do not usually

    • SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)

      SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)

      Network management systems use SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) to communicate with network elements. For this to work, the network element must be equipped with an SNMP agent. Most professional grade network hardware comes with an SNMP agent built in. These agents must be enabled and configured to communicate with the network management system. Operating

    • How to Increase a WiFi Signal

      How to Increase a WiFi Signal

      The first thing you can try to increase a WiFi signal is to move the laptop computer or mobile device closer to the source of the network that is being accessed. If you have control over the router of the network, you can increase the wireless signal by placing the router on a high area

    • Ethernet Cabling

      Ethernet Cabling

      Ethernet is a media access method that is specified at the Data Link layer and uses specific Physical layer cabling and signalling techniques. It is important to be able to differentiate between the types of connectors that can be used to connect an Ethernet network together. I'll discuss the different unshielded twisted-pair cabling used today

    • How fast is ADSL Speed?

      How fast is ADSL Speed?

      ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) options are available in many locations. The speeds will vary for the service in many ways depending on several factors. The reason why it is called an Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line is simple, as the speed for downloads will be significantly faster than the upload speed. This is because consumer DSL services are

    • The OSI Model – What It Is; Why It Matters; Why It Doesn’t Matter.

      The OSI Model – What It Is; Why It Matters; Why It Doesn’t Matter.

      The OSI Model was created based on recommendations from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1980, which started expanding on the DoD model in the late 1970s. The current standard was published in 1996. The official title for the model is the ISO OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) Reference Model since it describes or relates

    • How to Flush DNS

      How to Flush DNS

      When surfing the Internet, a problem that can arise for consumers is getting a number of DNS errors or 404 errors in the web browser despite a working Internet connection. If this is the case, then learning how to flush DNS for your computer’s operating system (OS) is key to restoring the proper quality of

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