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    • What Are the Effects of Computer Hacking?

      What Are the Effects of Computer Hacking?

      Hacking as a Destructive Tool The common stance on hacking with the average person is that it is morally wrong. There have been several instances where hacking has proven to have caused problems. Hacking can create a variety of damages to people, groups and systems of broad spectrum. Negative Hacking Interactions: Identity Theft – Some hackers can

    • Wireless Mesh Network

      Wireless Mesh Network

      A wireless mesh network relies on radio signals to allow several devices within a coverage area to communicate with each other. Wireless mesh networks are often used in conjunction with other networks in order to give users reliability and stability. This is because wireless mesh networks communicate with each other through any device within the

    • The Cisco Three Layer Hierarchical Model vs the OSI Model

      The Cisco Three Layer Hierarchical Model vs the OSI Model

      The ISO, International Organization for Standardization is the Emily Post of the network protocol world. Just like Ms. Post, who wrote the book setting the standards or protocols for human social interaction, the ISO developed the OSI model as the precedent and guide for an open network protocol set. Defining the etiquette of communication models,

    • VoIP Codecs

      VoIP Codecs

      A codec (Coder/Decoder) converts analog signals to a digital bitstream, and another identical codec at the far end of the communication converts the digital bitstream back into an analog signal. In the VoIP world, codecs are used to encode voice for transmission across IP networks. Codecs for VoIP use are also referred to as vocoders,

    • Bluetooth

      Bluetooth

      Bluetooth is a specification for short distance wireless communication between two devices. Bluetooth Specifications Fixed/Mobile Mobile Circuit/Packet Both Max Bandwidth 1Mb Range 10 meters Frequency 2.40GHz-2.483.5Ghz (U.S. and Europe) or 2.472Ghz-2.497Ghz (Japan) Host Network None Definer Bluetooth SIG Bluetooth technology is named after Harald Bluetooth, a Danish king who managed to consolidate Denmark and a

    • CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol)

      CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol)

      CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol) is the preferred encryption protocol in the 802.11i standard. CCMP Cryptography CCMP is based upon the CCM mode of the AES encryption algorithm. CCMP utilizes 128-bit keys, with a 48-bit initialization vector (IV) for replay detection. The Components of CCMP The Counter Mode (CM)

    • Dynamic DNS

      Dynamic DNS

      Dynamic DNS is a technology that allows you to update the IP address of a domain in real time. In order to fully understand how Dynamic DNS works, it is important to first understand domain names and name servers. Essentially, all website domain names are held on computer servers known as name servers. These servers

    • DSL Filter

      DSL Filter

      A DSL filter is an analog device that improves a DSL connection by minimizing telephone signal interference with the DSL system. When installed, it acts as a barrier to prevent low frequency telephone signals to interfere with the high frequency ADSL system and vice versa. How DSL Filters Work Telephone signals usually range from 300

    • What is a Dial-Up Connection?

      What is a Dial-Up Connection?

      A dial-up connection is any connection that is connected through a regular phone line. When that phone line is connected to a modem and then configured to dial a specific number, a user can access the Internet. It is the slowest form of Internet connection, but that is a result of also being the most

    • How Do ADSL Microfilters Work?

      How Do ADSL Microfilters Work?

      ADSL Internet Access Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a broadband Internet option that is commonly available in many locations. Asynchronous only means that the download speeds and the upload speeds are different (with the upload speeds usually being significantly lower) and provides a fast option to browse the web. Internet access through ADSL requires one

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