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    • SMSS.exe

      SMSS.exe

      There are many processes that run behind the scenes in Windows operating systems. One of these processes that may look suspicious is the SMSS.exe. This is an execution file with the full name Session Management Subsystem. The Session Manager Subsystem is responsible for starting a session. When this process begins, the system thread is responsible

    • Belkin Router Default Password

      Belkin Router Default Password

      Belkin is a leading manufacturer of networking devices such as modems, wireless routers, and network storage devices. Belkin also produces a number of other wireless access devices and USB based modem cards and markets a number of data plans for some of the largest Internet Service Providers. Belkin Router Default Password As with any other

    • How to Uninstall Hotbar

      How to Uninstall Hotbar

      The HotBar add-on is an add-on program for Internet Explorer that personalizes email, as well as the  functionality and visual appearance of browser applications. While performing the functions noted above, HotBar also makes multiple connections with “hotbar.com” and “reports.shopperreports.com”. Hotbar also monitors phrases the user enters into search engines and reports them to third parties

    • How to Determine if a Credit Card Number is Valid

      How to Determine if a Credit Card Number is Valid

      Credit cards use the Luhn Check Digit Algorithm. The main purpose of the Luhn Check Digit Algorithm is to catch data entry errors, but it does double duty here as a weak security tool. The Luhn Check Digit Algorithm For a card with an even number of digits, double every odd numbered digit (1st digit,

    • MD5 (Message Digest 5)

      MD5 (Message Digest 5)

      MD5 is a message digest algorithm. MD5 takes a variable length input and produces a 128-bit message digest. MD5 was designed by Ron Rivest in 1991. MD5 is officially defined in RFC 1321 – The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm. MD5 Usage MD5 is used in many applications, including GPG, Kerberos, TLS / SSL, Cisco type 5

    • How to Remove a Browser Hijacker

      How to Remove a Browser Hijacker

      Browser hijackers are malicious programs that redirect computer users to websites that the hacker wants and deploy the computer malware. The hijacker may change a computer’s default homepage or redirect computer users trying to visit legitimate websites such as their bank or Google to a maliciously crafted copy of the site to deploy computer malware

    • How to Change a Yahoo Password

      How to Change a Yahoo Password

      To change a Yahoo Password, visit Yahoo: Change Password. Changing a Yahoo password causes all the passwords on Yahoo’s personalized services to change. These personalized services include: Yahoo! Mail Yahoo! Messenger Yahoo! Chat My Yahoo! Yahoo! Finance The instructions to change a Yahoo password will only work if the user knows his/her current Yahoo password.

    • iFrame Injection

      iFrame Injection

      An iFrame injection is a very common cross site scripting (or XSS) attack. It consists of one or more iFrame tags that have been inserted into a page or post’s content and typically downloads an executable program or conducts other actions that compromise the site visitors’ computers. In the best case, Google may label the

    • Computer Worms

      Computer Worms

      Computer worms are programs that reproduce, execute independently, and travel across network connections. The key difference between a virus and worm is the manner in which each reproduces and spreads. A virus is dependent upon the host file or boot sector and the transfer of files between computers to spread, whereas a computer worm can

    • Data Layout on Magnetic Stripe Cards

      Data Layout on Magnetic Stripe Cards

      Data is laid out on a standard magnetic card in three tracks. A magnetic stripe card may have any of these tracks or a combination of these tracks. Track 1 was the first track standardized. The International Air Transportation Association (IATA) developed it and it is still reserved for their use. It is 210bpi with

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