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    • ATM Skimmer

      ATM Skimmer

      An ATM skimmer is a card reader that is installed on some ATMs by criminals in order to steal the card numbers and PINs of the victims who use them. ATM skimmers vary in sophistication, but may be installed either directly within an ATM or next to it and may either interfere with the ATM’s

    • GPG (GNU Privacy Guard)

      GPG (GNU Privacy Guard)

      GPG, or GNU Privacy Guard, is a free replacement and competing product for PGP (Pretty Good Privacy). The project is a data encryption and decryption application which provides end-users with a cryptographic privacy and authentication system for communicating electronic data. GPG can be used to sign, encrypt, and decrypt text, for email, files, directories, and

    • How to Uninstall CyberDefender

      How to Uninstall CyberDefender

      CyberDefender is an example of malicious software that poses as an anti-virus software. CyberDefender runs a fake computer scan, then lists a number of “threats” that are really non-existent files, random files, or files that are essential to the computer’s performance. When the user attempts to remove these threats, CyberDefender asks the user to purchase

    • Symmetric and Asymmetric ciphers

      Symmetric and Asymmetric ciphers

      In a symmetric cipher, both parties must use the same key for encryption and decryption. This means that the encryption key must be shared between the two parties before any messages can be decrypted. Symmetric systems are also known as shared secret systems or private key systems. Symmetric ciphers are significantly faster than asymmetric ciphers,

    • Wordlists


      A wordlist is a text file containing a collection of words for use in a dictionary attack. Wordlist Usage A dictionary attack using a wordlist relies on the fact that most users choose weak passwords. Very common passwords include password, computer, work, and most of the popular female names. Common Dictionary Attacks Using A Wordlist

    • How to Change an AOL Password

      How to Change an AOL Password

      There are two circumstances that can cause someone to want to change his/her AOL password: 1) forgetting the AOL password and needing to recover it and 2)  to change the AOL password. The latter can be because the AOL password has leaked to someone or the user wants to adhere to the good practice of

    • Chosen Plaintext Attack

      Chosen Plaintext Attack

      A chosen plaintext attack is an attack where the cryptanalyst is able to define his own plaintext, feed it into the cipher, and analyze the resulting ciphertext. Mounting a chosen plaintext attack requires the cryptanalyst to be able to send data of his choice into the device which is doing the encryption, and it requires

    • How Do Password Hacking Programs Work?

      How Do Password Hacking Programs Work?

      Password hacking programs work by using a number of approaches to either decrypt or guess a working password. Three of the most common approaches that password hacking programs use are: Known Ciphertext Attacks Dictionary Attacks Brute Force Attacks The specific algorithm that the password hacking program implements depends on the password system’s design. Each password

    • How to Remove Uniblue Registry Booster

      How to Remove Uniblue Registry Booster

      There are many registry booster/cleaning programs on the market today. Unfortunately, many of these programs either fail to meet user expectations or are superseded by similar downloadable programs. Uniblue Registry Booster is a third party software application that deletes errors and orphaned entries from the Windows registry on your computer. The application is designed to

    • How to Remove Mirar

      How to Remove Mirar

      Mirar is also referred to as Getmirar. It is a spyware application, which means it can endanger the security and stability of your machine and access the private files or confidential information stored in it. Spyware applications such as Mirar send out advertisements depending on the current URLs of the Internet browser. Mirar is capable

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