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    • Trunking


      Traditional radio equipment works because all parties involved in the communication agree on what frequencies they will utilize. Traditional radio scanners work by scanning for and then listening to those frequencies. Trunking radios, on the other hand, constantly renegotiate the frequencies utilized for the conversation. This allows for more efficient utilization of limited frequencies because

    • What is VSWR?

      What is VSWR?

      VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) is a metric commonly used with antenna systems for ham or shortwave radio communication. VSWR is normally defined as a ratio with a 1:1 VSWR, indicating that there is an exact or perfect match between all antenna system elements. The VSWR can also be expressed by comparing Vmax with Vmin

    • What is Intersymbol Interference?

      What is Intersymbol Interference?

      Intersymbol interference is a signal distortion in telecommunication. One or more symbols can interfere with other symbols causing noise or a less reliable signal. The main causes of intersymbol interference are multipath propagation or non-linear frequency in channels. This has the effect of a blur or mixture of symbols, which can reduce signal clarity. If

    • Radio Frequencies and their Corresponding Purposes

      Radio Frequencies and their Corresponding Purposes

      The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) licenses the frequency spectrum in the United States. Useful charts showing frequency allocations are available from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) at http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/allochrt.html. This table shows commonly used names for various frequency ranges: Frequency Description 30 – 300 GHz Extremely High Frequency 3 – 30 GHz Super High

    • Linear LNB

      Linear LNB

      LNB stands for low noise blocker and it is essentially an amplifier on the end of your small satellite TV dish or communications dish. The “Linear” portion of Linear LNB stands for the characteristics of the radio waves that are transmitted via the satellite in space to your dish (LNB). Two Types of Polarization Circular

    • How to Install XM Radio in a Car

      How to Install XM Radio in a Car

      XM Radio is a type of satellite radio that is extremely popular with people that want more entertainment and programming choices from their radio with less commercials and interruptions. XM Radio is similar to cable TV as users pay a small fee each month to receive superior programming. In XM Radio’s case, users can receive

    • What is an Astable Multivibrator?

      What is an Astable Multivibrator?

      A multivibrator is a device that switches between two states. It is a type of oscillator and can be used as a trigger, converter, moderator, or divider. It usually produces changes in a system at timed intervals, depending on the number and placement of resistors and other elements within the system as well as the

    • Rainfade


      Rainfade refers to a phenomenon that occurs during strong rain or snowfall in which satellite signals are prevented from reaching their destination. Rainfade may also refer to extensive cloud cover, strong winds, or any other environmental effect that distorts a satellite broadcast, but is most often observed during rainfall. Rainfade may also refer to the

    • FRS (Family Radio Service)

      FRS (Family Radio Service)

      FRS (Family Radio Service) is an unlicensed service. FRS (Family Radio Service) consists of 14 UHF channels on FM. FRS Channel 1 is unofficially used as a common call channel. FRS (Family Radio Service) shares channels 1 through 7 with GMRS, and many FRS radios are also GMRS radios. The maximum allowable power for a

    • Shunt


      An electrical shunt is a component used to transfer currents away from parts of a circuit. Components used as shunts include the resistor, capacitor, diode, and gas discharge tube. The main uses for electrical shunts are to reduce current load in meters, filter out high frequencies, and protect circuits from surges. The term shunt is