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    • What is a Rotameter?

      What is a Rotameter?

      A rotameter is a device that measures the flow rate of a liquid or gas in a tube. Karl Kueppers invented the rotameter in 1908, which has been widely used since then for a variety of applications. Rotameters are included in a class of devices known as “variable area meters” that depend on the substance

    • Linear Actuator

      Linear Actuator

      A linear actuator is a mechanical device that makes a linear motion, usually via a hydraulic pump or electromagnetic gear. Other forces can be used to create linear motion. The different types of linear actuators include screw, wheel and axle, cam, hydraulic pump, pneumatic, piezoelectric, and electro-mechanical. Linear motors, wax motors, and telescoping linear actuators

    • Pulse Jet Engines

      Pulse Jet Engines

      A pulse jet engine is a type of jet engine that uses pulses of combustion rather than continuous combustion to stay in the air, thereby reducing fuel costs and increasing efficiency. While pulse jet engines have been used in many functional jets, they can also be used for a variety of other applications such as

    • What Are Pennies Made Of?

      What Are Pennies Made Of?

      Before 1982, the penny was made of copper which is why they, unlike most other coins, don't look silver. However, after 1982, the U.S. government realized that it was too expensive to make a penny–more than the penny was worth in money–so they decided, instead, to make it with a mixture of two different metals.

    • Biological Computers

      Biological Computers

      Biological computers are special types of microcomputers that are specifically designed to be used for medical applications. The biological computer is an implantable device that is mainly used for tasks like monitoring the body's activities or inducing therapeutic effects, all at the molecular or cellular level. The biological computer is made up of RNA (Ribonucleic

    • Rail Guns

      Rail Guns

      Rail guns are weapons that use electrical current instead of gunpowder to propel their projectiles. A projectile is any object thrust into accelerated motion with the influence of force. Projectiles in motion can be propelled by pushes, pulls or, in some cases, both push and pull. The armaments and weapons industry's continuous development has had

    • What is a Karnaugh Map?

      What is a Karnaugh Map?

      A Karnaugh map is a graphical method or shortcut that can be used to solve Boolean algebra problems. Boolean algebra is used to conduct computations and create expressions from two values. This type of math creates the basis behind much of computer science and modern circuit card design today. Maurice Karnaugh created the current version

    • Blackbody Radiation

      Blackbody Radiation

      Blackbody radiation refers to the electromagnetic radiation that a blackbody material expels. Blackbody materials are substances that absorb all electromagnetic radiation that comes in contact with it, including light and heat. While a perfect blackbody material does not exist in nature, substances such as ash, soot, and granite come close. When a blackbody material is

    • Magnetic Propulsion

      Magnetic Propulsion

      Magnetic propulsion is the act of moving an object with magnetic fields and a flowing electrical current. The current is used to manipulate the system’s magnetic field or charge a fluid in the system that can be repelled. The Lorentz force then pushes the conductor in a direction that is perpendicular to the magnetic field

    • What is an Ultrasonic Fogger?

      What is an Ultrasonic Fogger?

      An ultrasonic fogger is a device that uses ultrasonic sound waves to break water into millions of individual water droplets that are then sprayed into the air as a thick fog. Ultrasonic foggers are most often used for Halloween decorations as a dry ice replacement. The fog that an ultrasonic fogger produces is not created

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