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    • What Are Pennies Made Of?

      What Are Pennies Made Of?

      Before 1982, the penny was made of copper which is why they, unlike most other coins, don't look silver. However, after 1982, the U.S. government realized that it was too expensive to make a penny–more than the penny was worth in money–so they decided, instead, to make it with a mixture of two different metals.

    • How Hurricanes Form

      How Hurricanes Form

      Hurricanes are caused by immense low pressured formed over the warm oceans in the summer and early fall months. With this low pressure, water vapor is evaporated off of the ocean surface. This water vapor releases the latent heat of condensation which causes all of the water to begin forming into clouds. This condensation forms

    • Pharming

      Pharming

      Pharming is a process whereby plants and animals are genetically modified to become carriers of genes that stimulate the production of substances that have useful pharmaceutical applications. Thus, the term pharming is actually a play on the words pharmaceuticals and farming. To explain the process in simple terms, a foreign gene is introduced into the

    • What Are Bucky Balls Used For?

      What Are Bucky Balls Used For?

      A bucky ball is a fullerene molecule which is any molecule that is made up entirely of carbon. Specifically, a bucky ball is a spherical fullerene while the cylindrical fullerene is called a carbon nanotube. They were discovered in 1985 and are referred to, chemically, as C60. When they were discovered, it expanded the number

    • Potassium Chlorate

      Potassium Chlorate

      Potassium chlorate is a chemical compound that contains chlorine, oxygen, and potassium. In its pure form, it is white and crystalline in appearance. It is the most common chlorate used in industry, school, research, and commercial labs. Potassium chlorate is commonly used: to prepare oxygen, in safety matches, as an oxidizing agent, in fireworks and

    • How to Disable Onstar

      How to Disable Onstar

      Disabling Onstar is not a task that is as simple as pushing a button. Onstar is a device that permits the vehicle to be tracked and, if something happens to the vehicle, allows an operator to conact the vehicle. For some people, there is discomfort with Onstar having the ability to track the vehicle. To

    • Linear Particle Accelerator

      Linear Particle Accelerator

      A linear particle accelerator is a large device that can speed up electrons, ions, or other particles and slam them into a target in order to release subatomic particles and radiation. Sensors then record these by-products, send their data to a central computer system that creates a digital, 3D image of the particle, and labels

    • Metal in Microwave

      Metal in Microwave

      When looking at a microwave, one of the things they often times see is a metal rack in there which causes confusion. However, people have always been taught that putting metal in the microwave is incredibly dangerous and can destroy the microwave. The question that they ask, then, is: why can't I put aluminum foil,

    • Law of Universal Gravitation

      Law of Universal Gravitation

      The law of universal gravitation gives the attraction force between two objects due to gravity. Definition: For any pair of objects, they attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of the masses of the objects and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers of mass.

    • What Happens During Photosynthesis?

      What Happens During Photosynthesis?

      Photosynthesis is the process that plants, some bacteria, and some animals use to convert light energy and other sources into sugar and other essential proteins that they need to survive. This article will go over how photosynthesis works and the many different aspects of this process. We will talk about photosynthetic membranes, light reactions, solar

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