What Are Ionic Compounds?

What Are Ionic Compounds?

An ionic compound is any compound in which an electrostatic force holds the ions together. Ionic compounds are made of positively charged particles that rest against negatively charged particles in order to balance out the two particles' magnetic imbalance. They can be found in both solid and liquid states, although solid ionic compounds are poor conductors. Ionic compounds can be used in a number of applications, most of which involve electrical conductivity. How Ionic Compounds Work All io

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What is the Speed of Light in MPH?

What is the Speed of Light in MPH?

The speed of light in MPH is 670,616,629 mph, 299,792,458 meters per second, or 186, 282 miles per second. Light takes approximately one second to travel the 238,854 miles to the moon. The speed of light is considered a physical constant that is used in many areas of physics. This is because light always travels at this speed in space or in a vacuum regardless of the measurement source or observer. The most popular use of the speed of light is in Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, E=mc^2, w

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Hot Water Circulators

Hot Water Circulators

A hot water circulator (circulator pump) is a device that circulates hot water through a house's pipes so that hot water is always instantly available. In traditional one-way plumbing systems, water is run through a hot water heater and directed through the pipes towards the taps whenever a tap is turned on. When a tap is off, the water remaining in the pipes begins to cool and becomes stagnant. This is why users often have to wait a few seconds for the water to get hot. In a plumbing system tha

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What Are the Five States of Matter?

What Are the Five States of Matter?

There are five states of matter that occur when physical forces are applied to them. These states are fairly easy to understand when their physical properties are observed. Depending on the type of matter that is being dealt with, the state of the matter may be more difficult to reach when applying these physical stressors. The best way to understand the state of matter is to choose matter that reaches the state the easiest and observe it. Bose-Einstein Condensates as a State of Matter The

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How Hurricanes Form

How Hurricanes Form

Hurricanes are caused by immense low pressured formed over the warm oceans in the summer and early fall months. With this low pressure, water vapor is evaporated off of the ocean surface. This water vapor releases the latent heat of condensation which causes all of the water to begin forming into clouds. This condensation forms warmth around the surrounding air. Typically, a wind shear (change in wind speed or direction) causes the top of the tropical storm to blow off and destroys the fledgl

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What Are Pennies Made Of?

What Are Pennies Made Of?

Before 1982, the penny was made of copper which is why they, unlike most other coins, don't look silver. However, after 1982, the U.S. government realized that it was too expensive to make a penny--more than the penny was worth in money--so they decided, instead, to make it with a mixture of two different metals. Nearly ninety nine per cent of the penny is made of zinc while the other per cent (at most) is made of copper. How a Penny is Made Sheets of copper are laid out and the pennies a

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What is a Rotameter?

What is a Rotameter?

A rotameter is a device that measures the flow rate of a liquid or gas in a tube. Karl Kueppers invented the rotameter in 1908, which has been widely used since then for a variety of applications. Rotameters are included in a class of devices known as "variable area meters" that depend on the substance they are measuring to change the area of the test field being measured. How Rotameters Work Rotameters consist of a tube, generally made of glass, and an object known as a "float." The float

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Types of Robots

Types of Robots

A robot is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent that software, hardware, or firmware programming controls/guides. Most robots today are programmed to complete tasks on their own or via human direction. No longer a product of science fiction, there are a number of industries today that use of various types of robots. These include the medical, military, transportation, manufacturing, and space exploration fields. What Are Robots Used for Today? Robots are used for a variety of purposes in t

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Infrared

Infrared

Infrared light is a form of electromagnetic waves. In its visible form, infrared can be seen as red or violet. Visible infrared waves are very short, measuring about 750 nm in length; longer infrared waves which are closest to microwaves are about 1mm in length. Infrared Waves While most infrared wave lengths give off heat, you are probably aware of one of the most popular uses of infrared wave lengths- the TV remote control. Your remote control works via short infrared wave lengths. Your TV r

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Automated Meter Reading

Automated Meter Reading

Automated Meter Reading (AMR) refers to the technology used for automating collection of water and energy (electricity or gas) consumption data for the purposes of real-time billing and consumption analysis. At any given time, the AMR system gathers real-time data and transfers the information gathered to the central database through networking technology. Benefits of Automated Meter Reading The primary benefit of this technology is more accurate and precise measurement of water, electricity o

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