Blackbody Radiation

Blackbody Radiation

Blackbody radiation refers to the electromagnetic radiation that a blackbody material expels. Blackbody materials are substances that absorb all electromagnetic radiation that comes in contact with it, including light and heat. While a perfect blackbody material does not exist in nature, substances such as ash, soot, and granite come close. When a blackbody material is irradiated with light or radio frequencies, it circulates the energy and releases it as heat. Alternatively, when the blackbody

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Driverless Car

Driverless Car

A driverless car (also autonomous/autopilot/auto-drive car) refers to a car that does not need human intervention to function. The first driverless car achieved a maximum speed of 20 miles-per-hour and was built by Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory in 1977. The Mercedes Benz robot van built during the 1980s achieved a full speed of 60 miles-per-hour using vision guidance. Subsequent projects like VaMP, the S-Class Mercedes-Benz, Demo I, II and III of DARPA and VITA-2 were able to achiev

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How a Space Station Works

How a Space Station Works

What was once only a dream has now become a reality as space travel is a regular activity in our society. With thousands of satellites in orbit, the Hubble Space Telescope that can see other galaxies, regular shuttle launches, and prototypes for vehicles that can fly in and out of the atmosphere, it makes sense that we have a permanent space station in orbit. To fully understand the concept of a space station, however, it is important that people learn how a space station works. In this article,

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What Are Ceramic Briquettes?

What Are Ceramic Briquettes?

Ceramic briquettes are special accessories for gas grills that help consume less fuel. These briquettes come in various styles and can help to give the classic grilling to meats and other dishes that are prepared over the grill. The ceramic briquettes also help to distribute the heat more evenly and this is effective in producing heat for the grilling grid or griddle. This can help to save fuel by reducing the amount of heat energy required to evenly heat the grid or griddle. Who

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How Do Nuclear Power Plants Work?

How Do Nuclear Power Plants Work?

A nuclear power plant works in the same way that a coal power plant works. Heat is generated which causes water to turn into steam. This steam turns a turbine which causes a generator to spin which generates electricity. However, a nuclear power plant does not use coal. Instead, the fuel of choice is uranium 235. When used, this can create a lot more power than coal can. The first step is to pack a 12 foot long fuel rod with the uranium 235 pellets. They are lined in this rod. Over 200 of the

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What Are Ionic Compounds?

What Are Ionic Compounds?

An ionic compound is any compound in which an electrostatic force holds the ions together. Ionic compounds are made of positively charged particles that rest against negatively charged particles in order to balance out the two particles' magnetic imbalance. They can be found in both solid and liquid states, although solid ionic compounds are poor conductors. Ionic compounds can be used in a number of applications, most of which involve electrical conductivity. How Ionic Compounds Work All io

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What is the Speed of Light in MPH?

What is the Speed of Light in MPH?

The speed of light in MPH is 670,616,629 mph, 299,792,458 meters per second, or 186, 282 miles per second. Light takes approximately one second to travel the 238,854 miles to the moon. The speed of light is considered a physical constant that is used in many areas of physics. This is because light always travels at this speed in space or in a vacuum regardless of the measurement source or observer. The most popular use of the speed of light is in Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, E=mc^2, w

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Hot Water Circulators

Hot Water Circulators

A hot water circulator (circulator pump) is a device that circulates hot water through a house's pipes so that hot water is always instantly available. In traditional one-way plumbing systems, water is run through a hot water heater and directed through the pipes towards the taps whenever a tap is turned on. When a tap is off, the water remaining in the pipes begins to cool and becomes stagnant. This is why users often have to wait a few seconds for the water to get hot. In a plumbing system tha

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What Are the Five States of Matter?

What Are the Five States of Matter?

There are five states of matter that occur when physical forces are applied to them. These states are fairly easy to understand when their physical properties are observed. Depending on the type of matter that is being dealt with, the state of the matter may be more difficult to reach when applying these physical stressors. The best way to understand the state of matter is to choose matter that reaches the state the easiest and observe it. Bose-Einstein Condensates as a State of Matter The

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How Hurricanes Form

How Hurricanes Form

Hurricanes are caused by immense low pressured formed over the warm oceans in the summer and early fall months. With this low pressure, water vapor is evaporated off of the ocean surface. This water vapor releases the latent heat of condensation which causes all of the water to begin forming into clouds. This condensation forms warmth around the surrounding air. Typically, a wind shear (change in wind speed or direction) causes the top of the tropical storm to blow off and destroys the fledgl

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