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    • MTSO: Mobile Telephone Switching Office

      MTSO: Mobile Telephone Switching Office

      The Mobile Telephone Switching Office, or MTSO, is a system that automatically keeps track of a cell phone user’s relative signal by monitoring readings from cell phone towers near the user. MTSO systems also automatically switch a cell phone’s service from one cell phone tower to another depending on which tower will provide the user

    • Telephone Voltage

      Telephone Voltage

      Telephone voltage is actually related to the physical distance at which you can operate the telephone. If the voltage is high, it can signal to great distance. However, higher voltage carries certain risks. 48 V is a compromise between distance and safety. 50-52 V is used in central office common batteries, but designations and documents

    • Cell Phone Frequencies

      Cell Phone Frequencies

      Cell phone frequencies are the frequency ranges within the Ultra High Frequency (UHF) band that are designated for cell phone use. Bluetooth devices, wireless networks, and television signals also use this frequency band. Although cellular phone systems divide cities and geographic areas into smaller cells of coverage, it allows for a fair amount of frequency

    • Types of Mobile Telephone Systems

      Types of Mobile Telephone Systems

      The main mobile telephone systems in the last twenty five years have been: YearMobile Telephone System 1981 Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) 1983 Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) 1985 Total Access Communication Systems (TACS) 1986 Nordic Mobile Telephony (NMT) 1991 American Digital Cellular (ADC) 1991 Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) 1992 Digital Cellular System (DCS)

    • Who Invented the Telephone?

      Who Invented the Telephone?

      The invention of the telephone is credited to American Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson in the mid-to-late 19th Century. Although Bell ultimately prevailed in the early signs of patent wars to come in the tech industry, there are a number of inventors who helped contributed technological and conceptual advancements that furthered telephone technology in

    • TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1)

      TL1 (Transaction Language 1) is an element management protocol used primarily in the telecommunications industry. TL1 was designed by Bellcore (now Telecordia) in 1984 for use with its OSS (Operations Support System), NMA. TL1 is an MML (Man Machine Language), which means that TL1 messages should be readable and writeable by humans as well as

    • LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      LATA (Local Access and Transport Area)

      A LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a geographical and administrative area that is the responsibility of an LEC (Local Exchange Carrier). It is an expression used in U.S. telecommunications law. LATA borders are outlined around markets, and not essentially along present state, province, or even area code borders. Several LATAs traverse over state

    • How Do I Locate My Lost Cell Phone?

      How Do I Locate My Lost Cell Phone?

      Many of us have lost our cell phones from time to time but some may have a harder time than others in retrieving their phone. What is worse is when you lose your cell phone in the middle of a texting session or when you have an important phone call to make and the person’s

    • NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System)

      NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System)

      NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) is a standard for telephony equipment. NEBS was developed in the 1970's by Bell Labs (now Telcordia). Many equipment vendors build their equipment to NEBS standards, even when they do not intend for their equipment to be placed in a Central Office. Equipment vendors do this because compliance with the NEBS

    • Numbers that Temporarily Disconnect Phone Service

      Numbers that Temporarily Disconnect Phone Service

      Many telephone companies maintain telephone numbers to which if a call is made will temporarily disconnect your telephone service for testing. If your NPA is not listed, or the listing does not cover your LATA, try common numbers such as 119 (GTD5 switches) or 511. NPA Telephone Number Geography Length of disconnection 209 999 Stockton,

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